Guidelines And Documents Needed For Any Corrections In Birth Certificate (Name, Gender, Etc.)

Isn’t worrying? To think as part of your identity, all the information should be correct.

What makes you feel when after all you find out that there is an error in your name or any information in your birth certificate?

Probably, you might also think the documents need to comply and the guidelines you should follow. Not to mention, if you are unlucky you might encounter some government employees are unapproachable.

Keep in mind, fixing this kind of issues it needs more patience and time.

That is why; in this article we gather reliable information to help you out with this matter. We hope that this article will lessen your worries in complying and fixing what needs to be corrected.

Guidelines on how to identify errors and what you should do to correct on your Birth Certificate.


These errors are often caused because of carelessness and typical human errors. If you think these are just a few simple mistakes, think again, because this will surely be taking part of the most hassle you'll face.


In this case, the local civil registry should request to endorse a clear copy of birth certificate to the NSO. If both NSO and civil registry record are blurred, then the person should file a petition for correction.

Wrong Spelling

Misspelled first name, middle name, or the last name should be corrected by filing a petition or correction of clerical error.

No First Name, No Middle Name, No Last Name

If all or any of these names are blank in the birth certificate; a supplemental report should be filed to supply the missing entry. Special cases NO MIDDLE NAME:


File a supplemental report through an affidavit indicating the missing entry and the reason why there was a failure to include the middle name.

1. If illegitimate and acknowledged by the father

In this case, file a supplemental report to enter the missing middle name. The last name of the mother shall be the middle of the child.

2. If illegitimate and not acknowledged by the father

An illegitimate child who is not recognized by the father could only bear his/her given name together with the mother’s surname, the middle name should not be supplied anymore.

B. Different from the middle name entered on the birth certificate

File a petition for correction if the last name of the mother of the child is correct and middle name of the child is wrong or if the last name of the mother in the birth certificate of the child is wrong and middle name of the child is correct.

C. Middle Names of the child and the mother in the birth certificate are wrong

In this case, a petition to correct the middle name of the child and the last name of the mother in the birth certificate should be filed at the Regional Trial Court of the province where the civil registry is located. Prepare any supporting document showing the correct middle name of the child.

D. Interchanged middle and last name

This kind of error is considered error encoding and could be corrected by filing a petition for correction of clerical error.

E. For compound middle names like Dela Cruz, Quintos Deles, Villa Roman

The middle initial that should be used should be the first letter of the middle name. For Dela Cruz, the middle initial should be “D”. For Quintos Deles “Q”. For Villa Roman “V”.

F. Middle initial is entered in the birth certificate instead of the full middle name

The entry should be corrected by a petition for correction of clerical error.


A. If born before August 3, 1988

• If acknowledged by both parents the child shall use the surname of the father.
• If the child is recognized by only one of the parents, a child shall use the surname of the recognizing parent.
• Child under the surname of the mother and acknowledged by the father through authentic writing. The authentic writing executed by the father can be used as the basis for you to use his last name.

B. If born after August 3, 1988

• If the birth certificate is already registered and child is under the surname of the mother and the father executed an affidavit of acknowledgment, an affidavit of acknowledgment executed by the father should be registered with the civil registry office where the birth of the child was registered. An Affidavit to Use the Surname of the Father (AUSF) should also be filed at the civil registry office where the birth is registered.

• If the birth certificate is already registered and child is under the surname of the mother and a Private Handwritten Instrument (PHI) by the father is presented, the PHI should be the basis to use the surname of the father. An Affidavit to Use the Surname of the Father (AUSF) should also be filed at the civil registry office where the birth is registered.

• If the birth certificate is not yet registered and the father acknowledges the child at the back of the birth certificate or in a separate public instrument, the father’s surname should be used by the child in the Certificate of Live Birth. The Certificate of Live Birth shall be recorded in the Register of Births.

Special cases FIRST NAME:

A. The first name used is different from the first name entered on the birth certificate

In this case, the first name in the birth certificate shall be changed by filing a petition for change of the first name.

B. The first name is “Baby Boy”, “Baby Girl”, “Boy”, “Girl”, “Baby”

• If the child is born before 1993, the above-mentioned first names are considered as if the first names were omitted; a supplemental report should be filled.

• If the child is born in 1993 onwards, names “Baby Boy”, “Baby Girl”, “Baby”, “Boy” and “Girl” are already considered as a first name and can be corrected by filing a petition for change of the first name.


1. The owner of the document or any authorized representative
2. National Statistics Office
3. Owner of the record
4. Owners spouse
5. Children
6. Parents
7. Siblings
8. Grandparents
9. Guardian
10. Another person duly authorized by law or by the owner of the document sought to be corrected
11. If the owner of the record is a minor or physically or mentally incapacitated, the petition may be filed by the above-mentioned list.


If born in the Philippines, the petition for corrections should be filed at the Civil registry office or municipality where the birth certificate is registered. If the petition is migrated to another place within the country, the petition may be filed with the civil registry office where he/she is currently residing.

If born abroad, the petition should be filled at the Philippine Consulate Office where the birth is reported.


1. Certified machine copy of the birth record containing the entry to be corrected;
2. At least two (2) private or public documents which could be the basis of correction such as baptismal certificate, voters affidavit, employment record, GSIS/SSS record, medical record, business record, driver’s license, insurance, land titles, certificate of land transfer, bank passbook, NBI/police clearance, civil registry records of ascendants;
3. Notice/Certificate of Posting
4. Filing fee
5. Other documents which may be required by the concerned civil registrar.

Note: "If you are considered as an indigent petitioner, the filing fee should be free of charge. This is in accordance of the Implementing Rules and Regulations, section 8 of the law as amended by RA 10172 which states that “an indigent petitioner refers to a destitute, needy and poor individual who is certified as such by the social welfare and development office of the city/municipal government.”

This Is What Happens To Your Lungs When You Dry Laundry Indoors

Experts found out that clothes put on drying frames raise moisture levels in our homes by up to 30 %, creating ideal breeding conditions for mould spores – and one in particular called aspergillus fumigatus, which can cause potentially fatal lung infections.

During rainy season doctors gives warning to us that wet washing dried indoors can give a serious health threat for people with weakened immune systems or severe asthma that might attack you anytime.

We know that frying clothes on a washing line outside costs nothing, plus it uses the energy from the sun, so it is also the most environmentally friendly option.

However, it poses potential risk on one's health.

One case was the 43-year-old Craig Mather from Bolton, who got himself a lung disease due to excessive hanging on wet clothes inside his apartment.

He endured serious lung issues because of mold spores that appeared from drying clothes on the radiator in his living room.

When his specialist warn him the risk of indoor drying and told him to stop doing for 12 months, he felt big difference on his well-being.

That is why, researchers strongly advise that every home should be designed with covered outdoor drying spaces, such as balconies, or well-ventilated drying cupboards to lower risk of indoor drying and avoid having that kind of lung infections, better to have outdoor spaces for your clothes and let them dry under the sun.

Myomas/Fibroids: Causes, Symptoms And Remedies To Remove Them Naturally Without Surgery Needed

When they do, they’re commonly occurred with myomas in the larger area of the uterus. Myomas in this part of the uterus are also known as fibroids.

Myomas are benign tumors composed relatively of muscle tissue. They seldom grow in the cervix, the lower area of the uterus.

1. Bladder Problems
- Myomas that develop on the outside wall of the uterus near the bladder can grasp against it, triggering pressure that will cause to more often visits to the toilet.

2. Rectal Pressure
- Myomas that develop towards the back of the uterus can press on the rectum, and trigger a painful sensation of wanting to pass motion. Straining can trigger hemorrhoids.

3. Lower Backache
- Myomas that are positioned on the outer back wall of the uterus can press against spinal nerves, hence triggering the intense ache. Complications can become more serious before and after menstruation.

4. Inflammation of Lower Stomach
- Huge myomas can make female look like she’s pregnant. A lot of women do not go to the specialist due to there may not be a presence of discomfort.

5. Infertility or Often Miscarriages

- Even though infertility and miscarriages can be triggered by a lot of reasons, it is believed that the presence of uterine Myomas can also trigger these problems.

6. Prolonged and Substantial Menstruation
- This is one of the most usual cautious signs of uterine Myomas. If you have bleeding with blood clots you have to see your doctor due to heavy bleeding can cause to anemia. Cramps and discomfort in the back of the legs or lower abdomen are also usual signs.

7. Sore Sexual Intercourse
- Relying on the size and position of the fibroid, sexual intercourse can become sore. The pain may be more serious in particular positions.

Here’s How to Stop and Remove Myomas:

Sturdy Workouts

- Daily exercise together with consuming the right foods will manage your ovulation and slowly lessen the Myomas.

Control Your Stress
- Stress can have a big impact on your body. It can exhaust the body of essential nutrients, weaken the adrenal glands and other organs and trigger hormonal imbalances.

Consume Legumes and Beans
- Beans, legumes, avocados, chia seeds, eggs, and quinoa are an astonishing sources of protein that you need to eat. You should consume a little portion of these protein foods with each meal. It will lessen the size of your Myomas, and shield you from breasts and cervical cancers.

Liver Support Foods

- You can boost your liver with foods beneficial for your liver, like dandelion, grapefruit, beetroot, and milk thistle.

- Avoid alcoholic and caffeinated beverages such as sodas and coffee due to they’re diuretic and dehydrating.

Fruits and Veggies
- Consume a lot of raw organic veggies and fruits. Green juices can also support to remove the fibroids.

Helpful Supplements
- Spirulina, zinc, vitamin C, L-arginine, L-lysine, chlorella, and omega-3 are extremely helpful supplements that can support to remove the fibroids.

Beneficial Plants

- Nettle tea, dandelion root, black cohosh, Dong quai, turmeric, pau d’arco, and chasteberry tincture are several of the plants you may take to remove fibroids.

Milky White Abnormal Discharge Before Period: Meaning, Causes And When You Should Worry?

The watery discharge or vag!nal discharge is a thin mucus that comes out from the vag!na that the vag!na and cervix produce to lubricate and protects the vag!na.

Clear watery discharge is very normal, this is the way of the vag!na keeping it healthy. The normal vag!nal discharge is usually clear or milky white that also protects the reproductive organ from infections.

Vag!nal discharge is normal but if you notice some of the issues listed below you should consult a doctor:

Thin and clear

This comes after the period or before the next period, doctors said that the color of normal cervical discharge is clear white and sticky for normal menstrual cycle.

Milky white cervical discharge

This comes at the end of your menstrual cycle, this is completely normal and the amount of discharge decreases after ovulation.

Bloody or brown

Brown or bloody discharge just after your period is old blood, this is normal as the body cleans out any waste from your menstrual period. This is seen before your period could also be a sign of implantation bleeding.

White and clumpy

This may indicate vag!nal yeast infection the cause of itching around the vag!na, it is normal to have small amount of bacteria but if the mucus resembles like some cottage cheese then you should consult your OBGYNE.

Yellow or green

This can indicate vag!nal infection, this happens when a harmful bacteria infect the vag!na. This could also indicate STD (sexually transmitted disease) or Pelvic inflammatory disease PID.

Grayish discharge

This could also cause by infection, cervical discharge along with a burning sensation in the vag!na.

Causes of Watery Discharge

Menstrual Cycle – this watery discharge is part of the monthly menstrual cycle which is very normal. The discharge should not have any strong odor or unpleasant smell

Ovulation – this discharge is sticky white that looks egg whites, this is a sign of ovulation.

After sex – the water discharge is also seen after having an intercourse, this is because of the sexual excitement increase that will also trigger the discharge.

Pregnancy - normal discharge during pregnancy is thin, white, milky and only has a mild odor, but if you notice any changes to the color and consistency of the discharge and you have vag!nal itching, you should consult you OBgyne.

Male vs Female Brain: Important Reasons Why Women Need More Sleep Than Men

Prof. Jim Horne, director of the Sleep Research Centre at Loughborough University has a particular clarification on the significance of sleeping.

Science has proven that women have extra multiplex brains, which recommends that they require more sleep.

Women require more than 8 hours

Yes, we know that’s very suggested that you sleep at least 8 hours, and 7 hours normally be enough, but Professor Horne clarifies that women’s brain “wired diversely from men’s and are extra complex, so their sleep need will be moderately greater.”

What makes woman’s brain extra multiplex?

Unlike men, women are used to do multi-tasking, and vulnerable their brains to more hard activities.

This means that women’s brain requires extra time to recover totally, and sleeping is the perfect way to attain that.

What happens to exhausted men?

Professor Horne clarified that man who do works that involve decision-making require more sleep than an average man, but still less than an average woman.

How to enhance your sleep standard

There are numerous ways to acquire a good night’s sleep. But, these tricks may not work for each of you, due to we’re all different.

Sleep regimen

Set a sleep regimen, so the brain perceives the require to slow down and calm. In this way you’ll sleep much better at night.

Avoid nourishing foods

Several foods act as restorative, and you have to keep away these before you proceed to bed. This involves caffeine in coffee, theobromine in cacao or chocolate, and sugar. These restorative impact your good night’s sleep, and frequently lead to insomnia.


Women’s brain performs non-stop, which is why a lot of women have trouble in sleeping. Meditation can be substantial help, as it supports the brain settle and get in a taste of deep calm.


Yoga postures make the body for a better rest, which is why practicing yoga is frequently suggested to insomniacs.


Doctors agree that melatonin supports you sleep better. Doses of 1 to 3 mg of melatonin work perfect, ideally 1 hour before you go to sleep.

Main Reason Why You Should Feel Lucky If You Drool While Sleeping

Keep in mind that having well and enough sleep is one way on how to prevent from any illnesses, brain malfunction and other health conditions.

Everybody needs proper and enough sleep. Sleep is very important as a part of the body needs and to keep us active and alive each day.

But others cannot make this possible because of many factors such us schedule of work and other personal reasons.

Regardless of the abundant pleasure and the enormous need we have regarding the hours of sleep, we will not be able to spend in our bed as long as we please.

As mentioned above, because of work and to do some task throughout the day.

Sometimes the body seeks to make a new sleep cycle and you end up sleeping on your desk or on the bus.

Those who have not slept enough and have fatigue throughout the day can feel discomfort in the body, bad mood or a health issues because of inactive mind and body.

Actually, reason why you drool when you sleep is something more advantageous than you consider.

It occurs that after a worthy rest, when you wake up and feel that the area where your head rested has drool.

Many believe that this must be an offensive since on several occasions they have come to mock someone for this action. Nevertheless, you must feel lucky to belong to a certain group of people.

There are numerous phases of sleep, however, it is known as REM or rapid eye movement to the phase that allows you a restful and deep sleep. The action of drooling when sleeping is an indication that the dream was relatively positive and that the body is resting very well.

Once you drool, it means that the REM phase is being constant; this means you do not have any sleep problems, you do not have interruptions or troubles of it. In this way, you can sleep and rest your body as very few do.

In reverse in which you do not drool, it can be a sign that your sleep habits are affected throughout the night and rest is inadequate. Keep in mind that for a good personal and professional development is essential to rest. If you are experiencing a sleep disorder, it is worth see a reliable doctor regarding your concern.

Top Foods You Should Never Consume If You Have High Blood Pressure and Heart Problem

Nowadays, mostly has numerous diseases because of one reason and that is our unhealthy eating habits.

What you eat is what you get. That is simple and clear, yet why people get complications regarding their health?

One of the common health issues is high blood pressure known as hypertension; it can lead to severe complications and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death.

As a matter of fact, the figures came from the largest ever study to look at blood pressure rates around the world, using readings from over 19 million adults in 200 countries.

High blood pressure is the leading cause of heart disease and stroke, killing around 7.5 million people worldwide every year.

It is really alarming, so in this article we presented a list of foods that should be avoided:

Salt Consumption

Did you know that a medium dish of French fries contains 19 grams of fat and 270 mg of sodium? Too much salt in your organism will retain water, which further prompts expanded circulatory strain and harms your supply routes, heart, kidneys and mind. In result, it can harm your heart and cardiovascular framework and it raises your circulatory strain immediately.

The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that the growth of the processed food industry has impacted the amount of salt in diets worldwide, and that this plays a role in hypertension.

Soft-drinks lover

In the new study, one of the first to show that drinking too many sweetened beverages can increase blood pressure levels. It can actually expand circulatory strain levels.

Many drinks contain acid that harms your teeth, including regular and diet soft drinks, sports/energy drinks and fruit juices.

Liquor habit

Moderate drinking can bring down pulse levels which according to some studies. Although, there are other studies which showed that even little measure of liquor can prompt dangers.

To have a proof, a recent research conducted In South Korea discovered that liquor can altogether build the danger of mortality in grown-ups with hypertension. As you can see, people reduce their consumption of liquor to one beverage for ladies, and one to two beverages for men, day by day.

Heavy and regular use of alcohol can increase blood pressure dramatically. It can also cause heart failure, lead to stroke and produce irregular heartbeats.

Consuming Red Meat

Red meat is loaded with cholesterol and saturated fat. Eating red meat is associated with high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol, which in turn increase the risk of heart and cardiovascular disease.

A clinical study just published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, the study found that eating red and processed meat was associated with increases in total mortality, cancer mortality, and cardiovascular disease mortality.

Eating Processed Meats

According to Dr. Walter Willet, chairman of the Department of Nutrition at Harvard School of Public Health, said “Rather, the need is for a major reduction in total meat intake, an even larger reduction in processed meat and other highly processed and salted animal source food products, and a reduction in total saturated fat."

If you love to eat processed meats like like bologna, wieners, bacon , frankfurter and other handled meat items. It is time now to reduce of eating those foods in order to prevent the high risk of high blood pressure or heart attack. You have to replace you food choices such as sans salt or low-salt meat such as chicken, turkey bosom or incline hamburger. If you are bacon-darling, ensure you devour it every now and then, not as often as possible.

Sugar Intake

Sugar, especially sugar-sweetened drinks, has contributed to an increase in obesity in people of all ages. High blood pressure is more common in people who are overweight or obese.

According to the American Heart Association the recommended sugar consumption, for women should limit their added sugar intake to 6 teaspoons, or 24 grams, per day. Men should restrict themselves to 9 teaspoons, or 36 grams, per day.

Eating Doughnuts

Are you always craving or eating doughnuts? Because of tasty and a lot variety of doughnuts mostly love to eat it. Did you know that one doughnut contains 200 calories with 12 grams of fat? Try to reduce or as much as you can refrain eating doughnuts because of its high calorie contents that will possibly turn to high risk of having high blood pressure.

Consuming Margarine

Margarine usually a toppings on your bread, adding to your dish or substition of oil for cooking. Unfortunately, there is a bad effect of consuming too much margarine. It is often contained unfavorable amounts of saturated fats and trans fats from partially hydrogenated vegetable oils. Saturated fats and trans fats are fats we want to limit because of their link to increased cardiovascular disease risk.

Canned Chicken Noodle Soup and Ramen Noodles

People preferred these kind of food because they are easy to prepare and for those who are in illnesses. But they contain of high sodium which is bad for health and it will affect the blood pressure. Per serving of the soup contains 800mg of sodium and ramen noodles adds adds 14 grams of fat to your day and 1580mg of sodium.

Low- and reduced-sodium options are available. But a better option is to keep the salt in check by making your own soup from a low-sodium recipe.

Hidden Facts About Ganglion Cyst: What Are Causes, Meaning, Symptoms and Treatment

What are the things you should know about this mysterious bumps and lumps? This is actually Ganglion cyst.

Have you knew someone or might probably yourself have mysterious bumps and lumps on skin? It can be alarming and the same time disturbing in your daily routine.

What is Ganglion cyst?

Ganglion cyst—a benign fluid-filled lump that grows on the joints or tendons, it can start with dot size until it become an inch size. By recognizing it, point a flashlight at your lump. If light shines through it, you know you have a ganglion cyst.

According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 60 to 70 percent develop on the front or back of the wrist. And it can also develop in the finger and feet which is near any joint.

It’s actually younger women—age 20 to 40—who are most plagued by these cysts. Even super-fit folks and children can develop them.

What are Causes of ganglion cysts?

Actually no one knows what causes a ganglion cyst to form. Some of the theories include:

-The body responds to injury, trauma or overuse by forming an internal 'blister'.
-Small tears in the tendon membrane or joint capsule allow the contents to squeeze out.

What are the Symptoms of ganglion cysts?

The symptoms of a ganglion cyst include:

-It has visible swelling or lump.
-The lump is able to change its size, including going away completely only to return.
-The lump is usually soft and immobile.
-In some cases, the lump is painful and aching, particularly those at the base of fingers.
-The ache and pain is made worse by moving any nearby joints.
-The affected tendon may cause a sensation of muscular weakness.
-The back of the hands and wrists are most commonly affected.
-Other sites include the back of the knee (Bakers cyst), ankle, foot, palm and fingers.

How ganglion cysts can be diagnosed?

Ganglion cysts are diagnosed using a number of tests including:

-Medical history
-Physical examination
-Needle aspiration (a fine needle is used to draw off fluid, which is then examined in a laboratory).

What are the Treatments for ganglion cysts?

Have you ever heard about the term 'Bible therapy'? Ganglion cysts used to be treated by slamming them with a heavy book such as a Bible. This isn't a good idea, as you could cause further injury. Medical treatment options include:

Close monitoring - if the ganglion cyst isn't causing pain or interfering with movement, some doctors prefer to wait and see. The cyst may simply disappear on its own.

Needle aspiration - one of the tests to diagnose ganglion cysts involves drawing off the fluid with a fine needle. In many cases (around 75 per cent), this treatment empties the cyst and no further action is needed.

Surgery - if your lump keeps coming back or is in an awkward spot, surgery—a more permanent solution—may be recommended. The cyst or cysts are surgically removed, usually by a specialist such as an orthopaedic surgeon. Ganglion cysts of the feet will usually require surgery.

The truth is, once you’ve had a ganglion, you’re prone to getting them again. Ganglion cysts may grow back after treatment. This is less likely if your cysts were surgically removed rather than aspirated with a needle. Some estimates suggest that around half of patients who undergo needle aspiration can expect a recurrence. Since the cause of ganglion cysts is unknown, prevention is impossible. If you suspect your ganglion cyst is recurring, see your doctor for further treatment. A ganglion cyst that is aspirated three times has a better than 80 per cent chance of being cured.

Did you know that around 30 to 50 per cent of ganglion cysts disappear by themselves without the need for medical treatment? However, it is always best to consult your doctor to make sure the lump isn't a symptom of some other disease. If your ganglion cyst is painful, or if it interferes with your mobility or causes sensations of numbness or pins and needles, see your doctor.

7 Fashion Style Mistakes That Are Making You Look Old And Bigger

Is it true that we need to 'dress to impress'?

Well, studies show that first impressions take about 7 to 17 seconds to form and more than half of someone's opinion of you is determined by your looks.

So like it or not, your clothes will let your date get a glimpse of who you are before you even start in on any conversations.

Here are a few mistakes which are the reason we look much older and much fatter than we really are.

1. Wearing too much black

Though black is elegant in several occasions, it becomes unflattering when we get old.

Our skin tends to become whiter and wearing dark clothes and having black hair creates too much contrast that draws attention to the the wrinkles, dark circles etc.

Sweeten the black hair shade in some brown shade and you will get rid of at least 5 years. And if you are a fan of the little black dress, you should wear a colorful accessory.

2. You are hiding

We wear clothes to cover our nakedness, but we should not wear them to hide us underneath. Usually we buy the wrong size of clothes. If you insist on wearing classic jacket, don’t choose a size that would fit even your grandmother.

3. You choose the wrong glasses

The face is the first thing people notice. If you have to wear glasses, avoid buying the first pair of frames that comes your way. Not the price, which must be the first argument for choosing a frame, but the way you look while you wear glasses. You could study the fashion magazines and see some glasses models that fit your physiognomy. Don’t avoid bolder frames. Don’t hide your eyes!

4. Wearing too long skirts

As a rule, beware of the undefined sizes. Skirt up to mid-calf doesn’t even advantage the 20 years old mannequins, for that reason give it up. The mid-knee skirt suits you best louder than the clumsy one.

5. Shopping with the wrong person

There is nothing wrong with being trendy; just you need to adapt it to your age. You can choose some fashionable accessories among youth and incorporate them with the outfits you have.

6. Scarves

A scarf may be cool, but as a replacement for of wearing on the neck, you might connect your bag handles (in a contrasting color) or you can even turn it into a silk bracelet. Moreover, beware of the small brooches worn on the lapel.

7. Watch out stumpy shoes

Platforms are still popular; however, they are not necessarily a good choice for you if you have passed 30 years and 60 pounds. Choose some slim variant for your shoes.

Pangungutang: Maaari Na Makasuhan Ngayon Ang Mga Hindi Nagbabayad Ng Utang Maging Sa Sari-Sari Store Man Ito

In the Philippines, temporary loan or also known as “utang” is extremely usual mostly for those who are constantly having a difficult time attempting to make their ends meet and sometimes, not all loan creditors are getting back what was leased from them.

Do you constantly find yourself a victim of loan borrowers who are just good to you when they need money but will soon be out of reach when it’s time to recompense their debt already?

This is the reason why the Supreme court is pushing for a quick and easy method of gathering debt payment instead of filing a criminal case for culprits; this will be viable under the revised small claims method.

Under this new system, it will be simplier to file a civil case within metropolitan and municipal trial court and the conclusion will be released in just 30 days upon filing the profess.

This is Supreme Court’s solution to the raising quantity of cases filed in the court against money profess.

The current system will also have an inexpensive filing fee and less lucky complainants could also have a dispensation if they’re indigent or not financially able to recompense the fee.

Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno clarified:

“Ito po ay abot-kayang hustisya. Sapagkat sa pananaw naming, wala pong maliit na halaga na hindi dapat ayusin ng hustisya. Sa small claims, sisiguraduhin natin na ang batas ay maging simple, mabilis, mura.”

Lawyer’s assistance will longer require if the money profess isn’t over 200, 000 pesos, the complainants will just require to fill out the small claims for and pass required supporting documents.

The altered small claims will cover money profess from loan, debt, rent, services, and mortages.

As soon as the complainant order the case, the court will tell the defendant and need them to answer the said complaint and will schedule a hearing in just 30 days.

Should both partied did not concur to settle their money claim problem; the judge will quickly release a decision of the case within 24 hours.

But, for the system not to be misapplied, extra charges will be applied for every extra defendant. There’s an additional charge when a person files a case for over 5x a year.

Based to Supreme Court, in 2016, approximately 13, 000 small profess cases were solved, much higher from 10, 000 cases found a solution in 2015.

Read the FAQs below for further information: